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The Achehnese

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Sundancse by Dr. Engelmann '), but the details are entircly different

In the Achchne.se the plande' poses both as the murderer and as the

assessor of king Solomon vvho helps the latter to decide the issue of

the interminable lawsuit. In this respect the Achehnese version much

more closely resembles the Batak tale of 'the otter and the roebuck"

(sec the Batak Reader of H. N. van der Tuuk, part 4, pp. 86 et seq.).

Bhaih 3. The man, the crocodile, the pestle, the rice-mortar, the

winnowing basket and the plandö' (Ingratitude the reward of kindness).

A similar fablc appears in the Javanese Kanchil J).

Bhaih 4. The plandö' and the elephant out fishing; the elephant slain by men.

Bhaih 5. The tiger cheated by the plandö', who palms off on him

buffalo's dung as Raja Slimeum's ') food, a lhan-snake as his head-cloth,

a wasp's nest as his gong, and two trees grating against one another

as hts violin. Part of this is the same in Jav.; the deceit with the

wasps nest, whicli is wanting in the Javanese versions, appears in another

01 m in II. C. Klinkerts Bloemlezing (Leiden 1890), pp. 50—54. The

Sundancse dongeng which 1 mentioned undcr Bhaih 1, puts the ape in

the tiger s place, and the tortoise in that of the mouse-deer. The dung

in there represented as the boreh ♦) of Batara Guru and the snakc as

lus girdle, and in the conclusion the ape misled by the voice of the

tortoise becomes so enraged against his own person that he mutilates

li miself and dies. According to another version he did not die but the

rcsult of his violcnce was that his descendants wcre born emasculate ').

Bhaih 6. The heritage of steel and salt, the king, the plandö' and

the burning sea. This is a variant of what wc find in the Kalila dan

Damina cd. Gonggrijp, p. 128 et scq., but the Achehnese version is prettier.

Bhaih 7. The plandö', the ram, the tiger and the bear. The tiger is

1) In the fiijJragen van het Koninklijk Ne,/. Instituut, 3-I Series Vol II n ,,g ct scq. ' * ' 1"

2) Sec Dr. J. liramies' notes in Notulen Katar. Genootschap Vol. XXXI n 7g ct seo

3) The Prophet king Solomon is elsewhere always ealled Sulóyman by the Achehnese even >n this hikayat where the mouse-deer appears as his assessor; but in this one fablc the torm blimcum is invariably used.

4) A yellow eosmetie with which the skin is smeared on certain eeremonial occasions.

5) With tlus may be now also compared the tales numbered II/- and 11/ in I)r. N Adriao^ Samghrtatht teksten (Hij,!ragen Kon. Tnst. voor de Taaltan,/, en Volkenkunde

r year 1893, p. 32, et seq.). As we see, the (ale of the wasps' nest is not, as the above-mentioned author supposed, a Sangirese innovation.