that most dangerous of slave-owners, alcohol, and that most dangerous form of slavery, alcoholism?
The two following Conferences at Brussels, in 1899 and 1906 met exclusively to deal with the alcohol-problem, and we may thank England for her energetic action, by which the solution of the problem was considerably forwarded. England's proposals gave their imprint to the resolutions of the 1890 conference. According to article 90 of the acts of this conference, the measures for limiting the alcohol-trade will be applied to a zone bouned on the North by the 20th degree, on the South by the 22nd degree, on the East by the Indian Ocean, and on the West by the Atlantic, including the islands within a distance af a hundred sea-leagues from the coast.
The measures are described in articles 91 to 93. Article 91 stipulates, that every Power shall prohibit the import of spirits in those districts, where either for religious or other reasons, spirits are not used, or the use of them has not yet grown into a habit. Every Power shall determine for itself the districts in which that prohibitive law shall come into force. Exception will be made in the case of small quantities not destined for natives, provided they are imported according to conditions specified.
Article 92 fixes the minimum of the import-duties in those districts which do not come under the prohibitive law and prescribes a revision of that minimum at the end of every six years.
Article 93 stipulates that the excise duties on spirits manufactured in Africa itself, may not beless than the minimum of the import-duties, while it is the duty of the Powers to make those taxes as high as possible. These provisions have since been kept as a basis. The two following conferences confined themselves to a revision of the minimum of the import-duties. I will not tire you with the figures of these import-duties; it is sufficiënt to say that they have been repeatedly increased; at the present moment the import-duty is a hundred francs per hectolitre of alcohol of fifty percent.
It cannot be denied that through these measures a considerable improvement has taken place. Before that time anyone who paid a small sum for a license was free to import as much alochol as he liked. Now it is no longer possible. There was however a fault in that the starting point was bad. The interesst of the native were taken to heart but on condition that the interests of honest