There is another line of indirect attack upon alcoholism which I must not omit to mention. I refer to the conditions under which work is carried on by wage-earners. These conditions are often largely responsible for the drinking habit. Now I will not venture to say that at Letchworth the conditions under which work is carïied on, are ideal; but I will say that they undoubtedly represent a marked stage of advance — especially in regard to the great essentials — abundance of light and air. Starting as the First Garden City Company did with a clean sheet and with land obtained at agricultural prices, it has been able to let sites for factories at such low rates that most of the manufacturers have contented themselves with one story buildings, and have thus secured ample light and air. The factories, too, for the most part are extremely well-warmed and well-ventilated. Another point of supreme importance is that the homes of the workers — so far as they have been accommodated at Letchworth, and they have been to a very large extent — are within quite a short distance of their work, so that long, tiresome and unhealthy railway travelling is very largely avoided. Indeed, most of the workers who live at Letchworth go home to their mid-day meals, and thus the ties of family life are strengthened.
I think I ought to add that Letchworth is the only town in England in which in the printing trade there is an universal 48hours week.
And what has been the result of this indirect war upon alcoholism?
Even now, after only 7 years work, there is very great ground for encouragement. Here are a few of many cases which might be mentioned. • .
A t\pical cockney family cameto Letchworth some years ago. At first, they had everything dreadful to say about the place; everything was wrong. But after only a few weeks, a marked difïerence was seen, and now that they have become settled, the children like the place very much and the parents are more than contented, and drink far less than before.
J was a dranken specimen of a man who came to Letchworth two or three years ago. Now he is rarely drank, wears a mee clean collar and tidy clothes. And this man I would ask you to notice was 40 years of age, whose habits of life might therefore be thought to be pretty well wet.