P a young man who was frequently drunk, but who has not been the worse for liquor for the past 12 months, has a nice suit of clothes, collar, tie, and a bowler hat.
K a family, who, in London, used to consume two or three
times as much alcohol as they do now. True, they have beer in the house, but the children are better clothed and altogether more tidy, and the tally man does not come nearly so often as he used to do.
It is rarely that one sees a man the worse for liquor; and large employers of labour teil me their men are better clothed, enjoy better health, and do better work than they did in London.
But perhaps the most marked effect of good housing conditions upon alcoholism is to be seen in the direct effect pioduced upon the rate of infantile mortality, and upon the health of children coming to Letchworth.
Here are some striking facts. The infantile mortality rate of Letchworth in the year 1910 was 54.5 per thousand births the infantile mortality being in the same year 168 at Burnley, 144 at Middlesborough; 146 at Shoreditch; 126 at Bermondsey and 75 even at such a health resort as Bournemouth. Consider also the observation of the Medical officer for the district, who, in his annual Report says, „Numbers of the children coming from large populous towns were anaemic, poor in physique and large numbers were suffering from adenoid growths and throat affections. This state of things is fast disappearing with the new conditions under which they live."
Who can doubt that these direct effects upon the health of the rising generation must in turn produce a marked diminution of alcoholism?
The parents, too, who live at Letchworth are taking an ïncreasing happiness and pride in their children feelings which the children's greater health and strength greatly increases, and as pride in and afïection for children grows, it is increasingly feit that money spent in drink is far better spent at home. - j ^
To sum up, good Housing, and all that it insolves — healthy surroundings at work and at leisure - is one of the chief agents by which we may do much to stamp out alcoholism. By good housing, we establish wider and saner interests: we pro vide new outlets for activities and desires and cravings: we create new stimuli of a wholesome character so that the cra\ ing for un