exempt from all the duties of the customs unless cleared for consumption, in which case they shall pay the ordinary duties.
When a ship or vessel belonging to the subjects of one of the Contracting Parties is stranded or wrecked in the dominions and possessions of the other, the respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls and Consular-Agents shall be authorized, in case the owner or master, or other agent of him is not present, to lend their official assistance in order to afïord the necessary assistance to the subjects of the respective States. The same rule shall apply in case the owner, master, or other agent is present, but requires such assistance to be given.
All vessels which, according to Japanese law, are to be deemed Japanese vessels, and all vessels which, according to Netherland law, are to be deemed Netherland vessels, shall, lor the purposes of this Treaty, be deemed Japanese and Netherland vessels respectively.
The Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents of each of the Contracting Parties, residing in the dominions and possessions of the other, shall receive from the local authorities such assistance as can by law be given to them for the recovery of deserters from the vessels of their respective countries.
It is understood that this stipulation shall not apply to the subjects of the country where the desertion takes place.
The High Contracting Parties agree that, in all that concerns commerce, industry and navigation, any privilege, favour or immunity which either Contracting Party has actually granted, or may hereafter grant, to the Government, subjects, citizens, ships or merchandise of any other State shall be extended immediately and unconditionally to the Government, subjects, ships or merchandise of the other Contracting Party; it being their intention that the trade, industry and navigation of each