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case at least, the two Companies pulled together. And had they not also agreed on a common line of conduct previously, when the India House deputised Decker to the Hague (p. 124) ? These instances do not testify to that mutual jealousy; and where are those that do?

To this observation of Huisman's we prefer the facts adduced by him to build our opinion upon. According to these, speaking generally, the Companies of the two countries were at one with each other, but the Governments were not, cf. above pp. 66—70.

There is another passage in Huisman's book that we must quote in this connection. On pp. 225—226 we read: "Aussi longtemps que le commerce transocéanique des Pays-Bas autrichiens avait été livré a 1'initiative de quelques particuliers, les Puissances Maritimes avaient laissé a leurs compagnies des Indes le soin de prendre toutes les mesures offensives et défensives que comportaient leurs intéréts. Les gouvernements, les diplomates anglais et hollandais n'étaient intervenus dans les contestations soulevées par les iniques captures des vaisseaux ostendais que pour intimider 1'Empereur et 1'engraver dans d'interminables négociations."

Here the two Governments are represented to have acted in the same way. This is what we contest.

The English Government interfered but very little with the Ostend trade. At the instigation of the India House they remonstrated against the engaging of Britons in Belgian ships, and, when they were satisfied on this point, they again, at the request of the Company, delivered a note advocating the Courtof Vienna not to issue any more patents whatever. That note, though aiming at the destruction of the Ostend trade, was nevertheless "de forme courtoise, amicale même" (p. 123). We find why this note was so mildly worded explained at the bottom of the same page: "Sollicité par la compagnie des Indes d'intervenir prés du cabinet de Vienne, George I. y avait consenti, mais avec Vintention de ne pas pousser les choses a l'extrême, pour le moment du moins. II venait, en effet, de demander le secours de six bataillons beiges contre les menaces de débarquement de la flotte espagnole et d'un retour du Pretendant Stuart. Si les entreprises lointaines de 1'Autriche devaient amener des conflits coloniaux, il préférait laisser aux Provinces-Unies le soin de livrer les premiers

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