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.„ intellcctual. For if the wit be too dull, they {harpen it; iftoo wan„ dering, they fix it; iftoo inherent in the fenfe, they abstract it." Tbefc, or other equally valuable efFects, may befhewn to procced from every other fcience, that is comprchended under the generai term of Philofophy. 'They all require great induftry in collecting ideas, great attention in disftinguifliing them ,• great care in laying them up, great quicknefs in calling them forth for ufe, and great dexterity in the application of them to the purpofes of life and manners. But what I would molt infift upon in the prefent argument, is the ineftimable advantage, which philofophy imparts to the mind by improving it's natural power of diftiughuilhing truth from falshood, and thus fecuring it from error and impolture.

The eafe, with which the uneducated multitude is deceived in all fpe.culative points, is a matter of concern to every good man. It aftonifhes many, who by means of an early and liberal education have imbibed a confiderable portion of knowledge, and have acquircd a habit of thinking and judging of -things, by imperceptible degrees. They do not confider, by what means they have attained to this excellcnce of mind. The facility, with which they exercife it, inclines them to believe it natural; and when they find others deftitute of the fame quicknefs of apprehenfion and compafs of thought, they attribute it to a native dulnefs and narrownefs of conception. Nothing has tended more to depreciate the merits and obfcure the luftrc of philofophy, than the want of clear ideas upon this fubjeét.

A philofopher, in whatever formidable light he may be feen by the ignorant or fuperftitious, is nothing more than one, who has improved his reafon in a degree fuperior to that of his fellow-citizcns. His object is knowledge; and he purfucs it in the manner, which expericnce approves as the moft efFectual for attaining it. This is done in fome degree by every inhabitant of a civilized country. Even the labourer and mechanic learn to reafon upon the objects, about whieh they are moft converfant. The man of a liberal education extends the fphere of his fpcculations farther, and familiarizes his thoughts to the contemplation of many truths, that are incomprehenfible to the vulgar. The philofopher diners from thefe in degree, not in kind. He fearches deeper into the nature of things, is more abstracted in his ideas, more nice in his diftinctions, more accurate in his examination of propofitions, and more rigid in his deductions.

. One of the effendal properties of philofophy is, that it introducés a *** 3 fe-