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15

b) For the rest hortative sentences have the inflectional subjunctive only in archaic style, the subject being

1) We. Do we so. Shak., Merch of Ven, II, 8, 54. Sit we down, | And let us hear Bernardo speak of this. id. Ha ml, I, \,34. Part we in friendship from your land. Scott, M a r m i o n, VI, XIII, 17. Praise we the Virgin all divine, | Who hath rescued thee from thy distress. Coleridge, Chrlstabel, I, 739.

Now then, return we to this all-important subject. Lytton, My N o v e 1, II, X, Ch. II, 154.

N o t e. We is implied in the preceding our in: Therefore our everlasting farewell take. Shak, J u 1. C ae s., V, I, 116. (= take we.) 2). a noun, or some pronoun other than we. Once more, on pain of death, all men depart. Shak, Rom. and J u I, I, 1, 107. Come, fill each man hls glass. Dryden, Love for Love, I, 1, (206). Laugh those that can, weep those that may. Scott, Marm, V, XVII, 3. The stage-scene has dropped. Settle yourselves, my good audience; chat each with his neighbour. Lytton, C a x t o n s, XVII, Ch. I, 448. Be this purse an earnest of my thanks. id. R i e n z i, I, Ch. III, 26. No te. Here mention may be made of the use of come in connection with a future date as the subject. The phrase bears a close resemblance to the French idiom illustrated by such an expression as dix-huitans, vienne laSaint-Mar tin— viennent les Piqués (— eighteen years old, come Martinmas — come Easter).

This use of come is now archaic and dialectal, and occurs in Shakespeare only in the language of the uneducated. See Murray, s.v. come, 35; Franz, Shak. G r a m.2, § 668, Anm. 2. Come Lammas Eve at night shall she be eighteen. Shak, Rom. and J u 1, I, 3, 17.

It would, perhaps, be his last harvest at Clinton Magna, where he had worked, man and boy, for sixty years come Michaelmas. Hrs. Ward, BessieCostrell, 3.

12. Obs. I. In ordinary English the subjunctive in hortative sentences is replaced by a construction with the imperative let. i Let us not be for ever calculating, devising, and plotting for the future. Dick, C h u z, Ch. II, 9a.

Ohl do not let us say that gold is dross, when it can buy such things as those. Ib, Ch. XIX, 165a. II Those that will hear me speak, letthemstay here; | Those that will follow Cassius, go with him. Shak, Jul. Cass., III, 2, 5—6. (Observe the alternative use of the periphrastic and inflectional subjunctive.)

Let the tyro be recommended to choose a golden mean. Let him not be too solicitous of a red coat till. he has earned it by some practice. Trol., Good Words.

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