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For further illustration see Ch. I, 39; 43f; Ch. II, 27ff of my Gram. of Late Mod. Eng. Compare also Sweet, N. E. G r., § 2292. d) Similarly in the archaic had like + perfect infinitive had is feit to be a conditional.

(This intrigue) had like to have ended in my utter destruction. Swift, Gul, I, (128a).

It had like to have cost the nursery-maid her place. Thack, F i t zboodie, Pref, (209).

For illustration see also my Gram. of Late Mod. Eng., Ch. B, 36, Obs. II.

Note. Ought and should are occasionally used to denote an obligation, expediency, etc, dependent on a condition.

i 'Mamma, have men generally children before they are married?" — 'No, dear no, ... why do you ask such a question?'' — 'If it were so, I ought to know." G. Eliot, Dan. Der., II, IV, Ch. XXIX, 84.

Had we not ourselves drawn up the document in question in obedience to Mr. VIncey's clear and precise instructions,.., we ought to teil you that its provisions seem to us so unnatural that [etc.]. Rid. Hao, She, Ch. II, 17.

ii If ladies were to be gained by sword and pistol only, what the devil should all thebeauxdo? Farquhar, Const. Coup le, I, 1, (51).

Were he to do such a thing In England, he should be hanged.

Bain, H. E. Gr, 175 14. Obs. I. Except for the above verbs the inflectional conditional is now normally replaced by the periphrastic conditional with should or would. As the distribution of should and

. would as conditional auxiliaries follows, in the main, the lines of that of should and would as tense-auxiliaries, it seems expediënt to deal with this subject in a chapter treating of tense.

If he knew it, he would teil me all about it. Sweet, Spoken E n g., 43.

If he had known It, he would have told me about it. ib. II. Archaically the inflectional conditional is still met With in fhe higher literary style, the* pluperfect being, apparently, more common than the preterite. Thus a) rather frequently of the verb to be,

i. It were damnation I To think so base a.thought. Shak., Merch. of Ven, II, 7, 49.

It were different if I had some independence, however small, to count on. Lytton, M y N o v e 1, I, III, Ch. XIX, 183.

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