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39

i. I shall never have such a rlde again. Dick., C o p., Ch. XXXIII, 240a.

I shall be very happy, indeed, to take a drive in the Park. Thack, Sam. Titm., Ch. III, 28.

I shall have sincere pleasure in cutting mutton with him. ib, Ch. III, 36. 1 am uncertain when I shall be able to make the journey from Spezia, where I shall be staying. G. Eliot, Dan. Der, III, VII, Ch. L, 109. "Do you think you will care to go on with it (sc. literary work)?" — "Certainly I shalt." Marie Corelli, The Sor. of Sat, I, Ch. IV, 41.

ii. I should very imperfectly execute the task which I have undertaken if I were merely to treat of battles and sieges, of the rise and fall of administrations, of intrigues in the palace, and of debates in the parliament. Mac, Hist, I, Ch. I, 3.

29. Obs. I. As compared with will, shall is often to be understood as a word of particular significance, indicating as it often does, absolute certainty on the part of the speaker as to a future state of things coming about or not coming about. Thus / will never leave you, which expresses the outcome of a determination or intention formed at the moment of speaking, is mild in comparison with / shall never leave you, which implies a state of mind in which the speaker pronounces his possible disloyalty as absoluteiy out of the question. See Molloy, 1. c. I, § I, 19.

Compare also the passionate and vehement / shall never be your wife. I shall write to the Times about this (from an exasperated traveller who has met with unfair or insolent treatment at the hands of, say, an hotel or railway official) with the comparatively tame ƒ wilt never be your wife. I will write to the Times about this. "Don't be unhappy about me," she said in a tone of affectionate assurance. "I shall remember your words-— every one of them. I shall remember what you believe about me; \ shall\ry. O. Eliot, Dan. Der, III, VIII, Ch. LXV, 347. "Ii you should miss one dose, or quit his (sc. the patient's) side for only one short hour, I will not answer for his life. If you should fall asleep..." "I shall not sleep! said the girl firmly, as if under inspiration. Buchanan, T h a t W i n t e r N i g h t, Ch. XI, 95.

Thus even in the following-sentence in which the head-sentence expresses a promise:

I pledge you my word I shall never tap a cask of that bliss again. G. Eliot, Dan. Der, III, VIII, Ch. LXVII, 365.

Similarly the determined / shall not (colloquially / shan't, often heard from an exasperated schoolboy in reply to an offensive command or commission) represents disobedience as an absolute certainty.

"Come, Darcy, ... I must have you dance. I hate to see you standing about by yourself in this stupld manner. You had much better dance." — "1 certainly shall not. You know how I detest it." Jane Austen, Pride and Prej, Ch. III, 15.

I was going to teil him, but I shan't now. Westm. Gaz, No. 8179, 7a. Again a writer or lecturer, starting to carry into effect a longconceived plan, may use shall in announcing his intentions, thereby intimating that no deviation from it can be contemplated. Aclassi-

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