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ring States will all come in and their number will be increased by a dozen new ones.

The provisions of the treaty about the Executive Council are evidently unfit for a really general and allcomprising League and their amendment (art. 26) is too difficult. k »is

Even of more importance is the proposed relation between the Body of Delegates and the Executive Council. In the natural order of things an Executive Council is inferior to those, whose resolutions it has to execute. Therefore the Body of Delegates has the higherauthority and the Executive Council is ruled by the majoriïy of the Delegates. In the Body of Delegates eachadmitted State has an equal vote. In the Executive there cannot be a majority against abovementioned great Powers but in the Body of Delegates these may be beaten by a majority of the smaller States. When the League might become general they might possibly agree with half a dozen of the greatest of the others and still be in minority. And evidently the treaty recognizes this majority as deciding power. The last part of art. ijleavesnodoubt on this point. Every party in a dispute has the right to refer it to the Body of Delegates.

Speaking about this point President Wilson says in his speech:

In order to safeguard the popular power, so far as we could of this representative body (n.1. the Body of Delegates) it is provided, you will notice, that when a subject is submitted not to arbitration, but to discussion, by the Executive Council it canuponthein'tiative of either one of the parties to the dispute be drawn out of the Executive Council on to the larger forum of the general Body of

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