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VI.

THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE WIELINGEN. PILOTAGE STATION.

Some remarks must still be made about the status of the channel called Wielingen, which constitutes the mouth of the Western Scheldt. The Belgians reproach the Dutch with not having closed to the Germans this approach as it forms a part of the entrance to the port of Zeebrugge.

The fact is, that Holland has carefully applied the rules of neutrality to all her uncontested maritime territory, which is bounded in the South-West by a line drawn vertically to the coast of Dutch Flanders at the point were the land frontier ends. The waters south of this line, including the approaches to the port of Zeebrugge, do not form part of this uncontested domain. It is true that Holland claims the whole of that part of the mouth of the Scheldt, which is called the Wielingen. But it is equally true that Belgium has always claimed territorial rights to the part south of the line mentioned above, the Frontier-treaty of 1843 having only defined the Dutch-Belgian frontier as far as the coast of the North Sea, without troubling about their continuation into the territorial waters comprising the outlets of the Scheldt.

This question which has never, for that matter, been the object of direct negociations between the twó Governments, has always remained in suspense until 1914. It was for this very reason that Holland believed it to be her duty to take into consideration the Belgian

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