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CHAPTER VII.

ULTRA-MILITARISM, PACIFISM, AND THE FUTURE.

Such then, are the ultimate results of Byzantinism Such is the appalling outcome of Ultra-Militarism.

The great argument in favour of war, put forward by authors like Prof. Steinmetz in his "Philosophie des Krieges" (Philosophy of War) is, that it ensures the survival of the fittest.

Evidently, such authors argue from the point of view, that it is in the nature of things, that living beings all have to bow to the natural law, which commands that only the fittest shall survive.

In the first place, we do not believe that Mankind should bow to the laws of nature. We hold, on the contrary, that he should find out what those laws are, and subjugate them to his own will and purpose. The difference between those authors and ourselves is this: they believe in a Supreme Being, who to all intents and purposes is an Autocrat like their own kings and emperors, and whose commands have to be obeyed without inquiry; we believe in a Supreme Being who is identical with the Universe, of which we, men, are a part, which is the part that has become conscious of

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