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thing. That neither of these qualities is lacking, was proved by the mobilisation of last August, when of all countries Holland mobilised first, and within forty-eight hours 200,000 men were at their appointed posts. We think it will be admitted that this is no small achievement for a country of which the population is less than that of London. And, what is more, an ardent wish for still greater security is being vented in countless newspaper articles and pamphlets, urging further extension of the Army. A few weeks ago a petition to that effect signed by many of the most prominent Hollanders was handed over to the States General and universally and enthusiastically supported.

There cannot be the remotest doubt in the minds of the Dutch nation as to the side from which the danger may come. A more or less friendly feeling which existed before the war has given place to suspicion which the events of the last ten months have created. Hollanders, like Britishers, are fond of quoting Scripture. And in these days the words of St. Matthew, "Be ye therefore wise as serpents and harmiess as doves," often come to their minds. But the Dutch dove, if it were compelled to defend itself, would not be a gentle bird by any means.

I believe that what was said in this article, still holds good today, but I should like to add a few remarks regarding the History of our country.

There are three dates in Holland's History, which have been decisive. They occur at intervals of almost exactly a century. They are: 1588,1688 and 1795.

In 1588 England and Holland joined hands to break the power of a tyrant who would subjugate Europe: Philip of Spain. His soldiers had ravaged the Netherlands. Instead of with fruit, the trees in the orchards were bowed down with the bodies of poor folks who had been hanged by the tyrant's myrmidons. (HooftNed. Hist.) The people of Antwerp fled to Holland in