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DUTCH POETRY AND ENGLISH

himself of an ever-flowing and increasing inspiration; and so we come to hear much of "De metaphysische achtergrond van Kloos' Binnengedachten" — a truly mystifying amalgam of Oriental wisdom, the theosophical learning of India, the philosophical systems of Spinoza,1 Berkeley, and Kant, the pessimistic doctrine of Schopenhauer, and all of it set forth in short fourteen-lined poems of such long and complicated lines as no longer to be admissible either as sonnets or lyrics proper. 2 It is easy enough to see in this later development the will of the frustrated individual trying to compete with philosophy. But such an explanation will not really suffice. A poet may start off by being in conscious and bitter revolt against almost all that has gone before in the name of poetry, but is it seriously to be expected that he can remain in continuous insurrection against the current thinking (which, of necessity, must bear the stamp of his own mind)? Kloos is surely a case in point. If it can be said that his potentiality both as poet and leader of thought was really frustrated at all, it was not, in the main, through the subsidence of personal feeling, the suppression of temperamental idiosyncrasies, the planting of the canker of doubt and despair in his heart. Much more, I think, must it be seen as caused by the very lack of effective resistance to his amazingly successful Movement, the natural wearing down of its initial momentum, and — more diffidently would I advance this to some element of weakness in his presentation of its aesthetic creed (this last I shall have occasion to discuss in the following chapter).

1 It is a point of interest that the Jachtigers were most of all attracted by the teachings of their own great countryman. Gorter in 1895 published a translation of his "Ethica", and it was largely through the same studies that Verwey clarified his inner life during the years of sedusion which followed the severing of his connection with "De Nieuwe Gids".

2 Vide Max Kijzer, "De Metaphysische Achtergrond van Kloos' Binnengedachten."

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