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XV

1320 (p. 257) — IV. Gesta Romanorum: a. Continental Latin 1342; b. Anglo-Latin c. 1400; c. English c. 1450 (p. 257-259) — V. II Pecorone 1378 < > 1400 (p. 259-260) - VI. Bamberg Ballad of Kuiser Karls Recht 1493 (p. 260) — VII. Ballad of Gernutus (ante 1579?) (p. 261-262) - VIII. The Iewe showne at the Buil inn» 1579 (p. 262) - IX. Tyron's Recueil etc. 1590 (p. 262) - X. Sylvain's Orator 1596 ( p. 262) — XI. Some oriental Flesh-Bonds of uncertain date (p. 263) — XII. Gaelic tale of uncertain date (p. 263) — The question whether the Flesh-Bond as a theme is of Oriental or Western origin is not settled.

§ 2. Genealogy of the Merchant of Venice, Are Dolopathos, Gesta, H Pecorone, The Jewe 1579, successive ancestors of The Merchant of Venice? — Dolopathos and the Seven Sages cycle. The Bondstory does not belong to the Seven Sages and is therefore "original". The story Creditor reprinted in extenso (p. 267-275) — The FleshBond in the Gesta Romanorum. Printed Gesta editions do not contain the Flesh-Bond, and are too late to be sources of D Pecorone (p. 276) — Table of Gesta MSS. containing Flesh-Bond (p. 277)

— The Flesh-Bond as found in the oldest Gesta MS. Innsbruck 1342 (p. 280-283) — The Moralisations are integral parts of the Gesta stories; creditor is Dyabolus and cannot be humanized (p. 283-290) — Difficulty in considering the Gesta-tale an ancestor of the Pecorone-novella, because the "neither-more-nor-less" exception is not in the Gesta (p. 290-295).

CHAPTER IX pp. 296-330

The frame-story of the Pecorone (p. 296-297) - The Belmonte tale; the introduction of the godfather Ansaldo depreciates the character of Bassanio; the Italian custom quite as gross as in Dolopathos and Gesta; the substitution of Jew for slave or devil hardly an improvement (p. 301-303) - The Bond-Story in England: the 1558 printed edition of the Pecorone in Italian (Milan) or the 1560 ed. (Venice) found its way to England: Wm. Painter translated from it, though not the Belmont-novella (p. 305; seealsonote 4 on p. 221) - The 1579 play of The Jew, praised by Gosson in the Sehole of Abuse is the Proto-Merchant (p. 305-308) — Casket story in The Jew borrowed from Robinson's reprint of English Gesta (p. 209) — Another new feature, not found in Pecorone, is the discussion on Usury; not on Biblical lines, but on the principles of Canon Law. The question of Usury a burning one since Calvin (p. 310-314)

— Clue to Act I, sc. III of Merchant of Venice to be found in Aristotle's Politeia Bk. I, 10,4; and 11,1 (p. 315-321) - The sudden agreement, and conclusion of the Bond not accounted for in Sha-

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