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when the author wishes to enliven his canvas with a Jew, he has to transfer the action abruptly to Turkey, — because otherwise he could not bring his Jew in. He had to choose between the improbability of brusquely shifting his scène to the Levant, or the impossibility of importing a Jew into England.

Wilson's knowledge of Jews does not strike one as intimate; the final scènes are however lively enough.

Gerontus: Signor Mercatore, why do you not pay me? Think you I will be mocked in this sort? This is three times you have flouted me; it seems you make thereat a sport. Truly pay me my money, and that even now presently. Or by mighty Mahomet I swear I will forthwith arrest ye.

Mercatore is not frightened at the threat: by turning Moslem he can clear himself of debt. He accordingly appears before the Judge in Turkish weeds:

Judge: Sir Gerontus, you know, if any man for sake his faith, king, country, and become a Mahomet, all debts are paid: 't is the law of our realm, and you may not gainsay it. Signor Mercatore, draw near: Lay your hand upon this book, and say after me:

(Judge — Mercatore repeating after him).

"I Mercatore, do utterly renounce before all the world my duty to my Prince, my honour to my