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379

S 209.

adler (22), capturés dans la Table Bay. Pendant les plaidoiries devant la „Cape of Good Hope Provincial Division of the Suprème Court of South Africa" rAmirauté britannique fit remarquer„Certain claims were put in by sharehelders, who stated that thev • were neutrals or British subjects, but the ship would go by the flag she was flying and the shareholders' shares would be condemned with the ship, even if they were neutral or friendly. Apparentiy those claims had now been withdrawn.

Voir aussi, et en même temps pour le traitement des droits de gage, etc. :

Marie Glaeser (4), navire ennemi (allemand) déclaré de bonne pnse ; demandes de diverses parties tiercés, savoir des actionnaires anglais, d'une créancière gagiste neutre (néerlandaise) et des courtiers maritimes anglais, en paiement de leurs créances.

^"°tbf i3*™* ^ei?ade on behalf of shareholders, mortgagees, and those who have made disbursements or rendered services. As regards the shareholders, if they are enemy shareholders their property must go with the capture of the vessel in which they have put theh money. Not only is that so with regard to shareholders who are citizens of the German Empne, but it te equally so if they belonged to this country. If a shareholder mvests his money in taking shares in a vessel which isTiable to capture he takes that risk .... In the case of a British shareholder if he presents his case to the Crown for lenient treatment under the exercise of the prérogative of bounty [voir § *S, (3)]. that is another matter. I have S^. t°u ° ^ ^ ; I am here merely to administer the law What I have said as to the shareholders applies perhaps with greater force to those who have advanced sums of money, or rendered services Sums" kerage- As Judee of the Prize Court, I cannot allow such

With regard to the daim of the mortgagees, their counsd have argued that there is no décision m this Court by my predecessors against a claim put forward by mortgagees."

Après un exposé détaülé des décisions antérieures anglaises et étrangères, relatives tant aux droits de gage qu'a des privüèges legaux, des prêts a la grosse, des frais de sauvetage, etc, la cour rejette aussi les demandes des créanciers gagistes. Dans les motifs de sa décision ebe discute le rang du droit de gage parmi les différents pnvüèges du droit maritime, le caractère de ce droit comme une espece, ou non, de propriété et les aspects de la question a la lurnière de la Déclaration de Paris [voir a ce dender sujet § 403].

„Even if there were no décision of our Prize Courts dealing with the : oaun of a mortgagee, a principle ought to be deducible, and in truth can clearly be deduced, from cases dealing with loans upon, or claims

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