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§ 324.

592

the efficiency of those previously taken to prevent commodities of any kind from reaching or leaving the enemy countries, and for this purpose to subject to capture and condemnation vessels carrying goods with an enemy destination or of enemy origin unless they afford unto the forces of His Majesty and His Alhes ample opportunities of examining their cargoes, and also to subject such goods to condemnation:

His Majesty is therefore pleased, by and with the advice of His Privy Councü, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that the foüowing directions shaü be observed in respect of aü vessels which saü from theh port of departure after the date of this Order :

1. A vessel which is encountered at sea on her way to or from a port in any neutral country affording means of access to the enemy territory without calhng at a port in British or Alhed territory shaü, untü the contrary is estabüshed, be deemed to be carrying goods with an enemy destination, or of enemy origin, and shaü be brought in for examination, and, if necessary, for adjudication before the Prize Court.

2. Any vessel carrying goods with an enemy destination, or of enemy origin, shaü be üable to capture and condemnation in respect of the carriage of such goods ; provided that, in the case of any vessel which caüs at an appointed British or AUied port for the examination of her cargo, no sentence of condemnation shaü be pronounced in respect only of the carriage of goods of enemy origin or destination, and no such presumption as is laid down in Article i shaü arise.

3. Goods which are found on the examination of any vessel to be goods of enemy origin or of enemy destination shaü be üable to condemnation.

4. Nothing in this Order shaü be deemed to affect the habiüty of any vessel or goods to capture or condemnation independently of this Order.

5. This Order is supplemental to the Orders in Councü of the jtx day of March, 1915, and the io* | day of January, 1917, for restncting the commerce of the enemy."

(2) Les autres puissances alüées n'ont pas suivi 1'exemple britannique, pas même la France. Les aggravations consécutives apportées a la situation des neutres ressortent clairement du texte des „Orders in Councü" inséré sous (1) ; eües sont mises en lumière, en outre, par les jugements qui en font application. § 325. Le régime des représaüles inauguré par les décrets franco-britanniques du mois de mars 1915, a été continué même après les conventions d'armistice conclues avec 1'AUemagne et 1'AutricheHongrie. Vob la décision Almazora, n°. 2 (1318):

„Considérant, en ce qui touche la date a laqueUe la saisie a été effectuée, postérieurement a 1'armistice, que 1'article 26 de la convention du 11 novembre 1918 prévoit le maintien du blocus „dans les conditions existantes" ;.que pendant la guerre, sans prononcer le blocus, au sens précis du terme, d'aucune partie des cötes aUemandes, les Aüiés ont mis obstacle aux exportations ou importations en provenance ou a destination

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