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§ 3S5.

698

Section II. — Exemption de capture pour les bateaux visés

dans le chapitre II de la convention XI de LA haye (1od7).

Voir sur 1'applicabüité de cette convention, en général: § 46 et ss.

A. Bateaux exclusivement affectés d la pêche cótière ou d des services de petite navigation locale (art. 3).

a) Bateaux affectés ala pêche cótière.

§ 386. (1) La règle qui exempte de capture les bateaux exclusivement affectés a la pêche cótière, est reconnue par les tribunaux de prises comme une règle de droit coutumier en vigueur indépendamment de la prescription exprésse du traité.

D'ailleurs, la jurisprudence des prises dénie le caractère de „bateau exclusivement affecté a la pêche cótière" aux bateaux qui se livrent aussi a la pêche en haute mer.

Grande-Bretagne.

Berlin (9), bateau de pêche allemand, capturé dans la mer du Nord.

„The Berlin was a German fishing cutter of 110 merrie tons... and manned by a crew of fif teen hands. She belonged to the port of Emden... The vessel had been on a fishing voyage in the North Sea for a considerable time .... (From Jury 27 to August 5, 1914) she was far out in the North Sea, at distances 100 miles, more or less, from the near est coast — namely, Great Britain—and 500 miles, more or less, from her home port, and from the German coast.... The question (is) whether such a vessel is immune from capture as a coast fishing vessel.

The history.up to the year 1899, of the varying practices in this and other countries of exempting from capture in war vessels engaged in coast fishing, has been given in the Suprème Court of the U.S. of America

on The Paquete Habana; The Lola [1900].... The conclusions

of the majority of the Court were as follows : „This review of the précédents and authorities on the subject appears to us abundantly to demonstrate that at the present day, by the general consent of the civüized nations of the world, and independently of any express treaty or other pubhc act, it is an established rule of international law, founded on considerations of humanity to a poor and industrious order of men, and of the mutual convenience of belligerent States, that coast fishing vessels, with theb implements and supplies, cargoes, and crews, unarmed, and honestly pmsuing theb peaceful calling of catching and bringing in fresh fish, are exempt from capture as prize of war. The exemption, of course, does not apply to coast fishermen or their vessels, if employed

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