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§ 482.

ports as freely as if the 3501 article had been adopted without any modification at all. In their Lordships' opinion, the words „the consignée of the goods" must mean some person other than the consignor to whom the consignor parts with the real control of the goods [comp. § 465]. It is said that such a construction would defeat the object in view, which must have been to make some concession for the benefit of neutral traders. But even if construed as, in their Lordships' opinion, it ought to be construed, the effect of the Order is to make a considerable concession. Under it merchants in one neutral country can, without risking the condemnation of their goods, consign them for discharge in. the ports of another neutraL country to the order of buyers or other to whom the principal in the ordinary course of business finally transfers the control of the goods. They are not concerned to enquire how such buyers, or other persons, intend to deal with the goods after delivery. No intention on the part of the latter to forward the goods to the enemy Government will render the goods liable to condemnation. This is no small concession."

Voir aussi, concernant la doublé tendance des décrets la décision de la Commission des prises italienne en cause du Kyzicos, »°- 5 (351) :

„Tali norme (c.a.d. celles du „decreto Luogotenenziale" du 3 juin 1915) non soltanto hanno applicata la dottrina del viaggio continuo nel contrabbando condizionale, contrariamente a quanto dispone l'art. 35 della Dichiarazione di Londra, ma, invertendo 1'onere della prova spettante di regola al catturante, hanno in sostanza stabilito una presunzione juris tantum di Ulecita destinazione delle merci di contrabbando

3°. Détails de l'application.

§ 482. (1) Le principe du „voyage continu" se trouve appliqué dans diverses parties du droit des prises et avec diverses variantes. Appliquée pour la première fois par les cours anglaises, d'abord en matière de „navigation réservée" (rule of the war of 1756) —comp. §§561 et 562 —, puis au „trading with the enemy" — comp. § 570 et ss. — . [voir sur ces sujets 1'exposé dans la décision Kim, n°. 1 and other vessels, (167), inséré au § 479], la doctrine a été adoptée et développée plus tard par les cours américaines dans le droit de contrebande de guerre. A cóté de ces parties du droit des prises, le principe figure en matière d'assistance hostüe [transport de müitaires incorporés, voir § 556], de blocus [voü § 532] et de blocus déguisé [„Reprisals Order", § 321 et ss., notamment § 335].

(2) En ce qui concerne l'application de la doctrine a la contrebande de guerre, ü faut distmguer entre la continuité du voyage du navire (art. 37 de la Déclaration de Londres) et la continuité du voyage

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