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§ 571.

paquets recommandés contenant des diamants, et expédiés par quelques sujets ottomans, qui demeuraient temporairement a Londres, a un ressortissant autrichien établi a Shanghai. Dans le même sens la décision de première instance: Four packets of diamonds (992a). Voir pour les détails les jugements.

Italië.

„Decreto Luogotenenziale" du 28 novembre 1918, „che unifica, coordina ed integra le disposizioni relative ai rapporti economici con gli Stati ed i sudditi nemici" (Gazzetta Ufficiale du 7 décembre 1918, no. 288), spécialement art. 17 et ss. :

(17) „Ai cittadini ed ai sudditi italiani nel Regno, nelle colonie ed all'estero ed a chiunque si trovi nel territörio del Regno e delle colonie è vietato il commercio con :

a) persone od enti stabiliti in territörio di Stati nemici;

b) sudditi dei detti Stati residenti in Italia o nelle colonie, in quanto non sieno assoggettati a sindacato od a sequestro . . . . ;

c) persone, ditte e societa commerciali, iscritte in apposito elenco (lista nera)

La répression de ce commerce est effectuée par la voie pénale. Voir aussi les „decreti Luogotenenziali" en date des 18 juillet et 8 aoüt 1916.

Japon, chapitre XI (articles 30—33) de la Loi de 1914 sur la guerre navale:

(30) „In the foüowing cases a Japanese vessel is considered to be trading with an enemy : —•

1) when she comes from enemy territory or from a station of the armed forces of the enemy ;

2) when shé caüs at, or is destined for enemy territory or a station of the enemy forces."

(31) „The foregoing article will not apply to Japanese vessels coming under the following items : —

1) when they sail under special permission of the Japanese Government, or of the commander of a squadron or a warship ;

2) when they have been permitted to leave enemy territory or have escaped from it at the commencement of war ;

3) when they have been obliged to enter an enemy port an account of stress of weather, etc."

(32) „Japanese vessels trading with an enemy are liable to capture except those which have no knowledge of the commencement of war."

(33) >.A Japanese vessel trading with an enemy is liable to condemnation, as well as goods belonging to the owner, the charterer, or the master of the ship, and enemy goods found on board her."

Verztfl, Droit des prises. 64

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