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religion and philanthropy

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age. The cynical, free-living survivor of the unbaptised eighteenth century, and the earnest, solemn, strait-laced Evangelical developed a warm attachment, and respect for each other. Palmerston, conscious of his deplorable ignorance of theological controversy, put himself into the hands of the only one among his friends who was an expert on that subject. Palmerston had few guiding prejudices or principles. He did not care about the politics of the bishops, so long as they were reasonably polite, and he did not think, like Fox, that the only use to which you could put the Protestant Church in Ireland was the encouragement of scholarship. He had been sent down from Cambridge1), and hevwas anxious that it should not appear that this incident had soured his appreciation ■of the claims of Cambridge men. "I am a very lucky man," he said, "luckier than most Ministers. I have no sons, grandsons, or nephews to stuff into the Church; and, so far as all that is concerned, I can do what I think right." He had a Tobust Protestant sentiment, and he liked the bishops to keep •on good terms with the Nonconformists. There was nothing ■else in his genial and leisurely mind on this subject, and these restrictions left Shaftesbury with all the freedom he could ■desire.

j. l. hammond and barbara hammond, Lord Shaftesbury.

London, Constable. 1923.

afterwards a Cardinal. One of the Tractarians was Dr. Pusey, Professor of Hebrew in the University of Oxford. The authority of his great learning and his lofty character gave much support to the cause, and for a long time the adherents were called (or nicknamed) Puseyites. The more common name is now Ritualists (because they have re-introduced most of the ritual of the Roman Catholic Church). 1. A student is sent down (i.e. sent away for good) for misbehaviour.

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