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Observations on some tendencies of sentiment and ethics chiefly in minor poetry and essay in the eighteenth century until the execution of Dr.W. Dodd in 1777

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With anxious doubts, with endless scruplcs vext, And some restraint impUed from each perverted text is confirmed by Dr. Blackmore, who writes that "it inmgles in an excessive Degree in Constitutions disposed to Theolosical Contemplation." These "morose, ngid and melancholv Persons" bring discredit on religion by representmg it as "a frightful Object." He then discusses the known Observation" that all great Wits "have a Tincture of Madness" in which imagination plays an important part. He maintains that "Error or Deviation' is infinite and that no mind is endowed with sufficiënt sagacity to unravel the odd complexities of disagreeing pnnciples, and teil where one species ends and another begins.

His moral appreciation of the mamfestaüons of the spleen is even more interesting. It inclines some to tndustry, benevolence, and serenity of mind ; yet these peopleare not perfect, for they lack fortitude and are easdy led to "unwarrantable Compliances." He also discusses another variety that is induced, by the "spleneück Leaven, to patriotic and heroic action. The first type of memwhom he praises for their "fine Humanity" contribute to their own Fehcity, but the other type he prefers, because they neglect their private interest for the good of others. He sincerely dislikes "Hypochondriacal Melancholy people, for their piety takes an unpleasant turn; it is mixed with malevolence. . ,

The last class of people he discusses are those over whom the spleen has "an mordinate Dominion." They are always wavering beween vice and virtue.

Other remarks of his deserve attention as they express how certain peculiarities of his contemporanes strike hun. They concern the connection between melancholy and despair in rehgiously inchned people (pages 158—15V), to which he returns on page 163, where the narrow boundary line between melancholy and lunacy, despondency and

suicide is discussed. «you-* As comment on Lady Wmchilsea's exclamation : What art thou Spleen. New are thy notions andl thy dress, it may here be observed that the Bills of Mortahty for London, which give the popular—not the medical—opuuon