letters and journals for the most part have this charm, that they are outspoken and natural, and represent what she thought and feit at the moment. It is a pity that this is not the case with them all. Madame d'Arblay's fortune led her among stirring scènes; and a diary instead of a memoir (as at this point it is), of her adventures during the Hundred Days would have been infinitely more satisfactory. The greater part of the book, however, has the higher merit of cOntemporary composition; and it is this that puts it side by side with Pepys, Evelyn, and Boswell's biography of Johnson, as an inexhaustable storehouse of amusement and information as to the manners and customs of the second half of the eighteenth century. It has kept Madame d'Arblay's memory green even more than her novels."1
Much of Fanny Burney's present reputation is due to Macaulay's essay. Not only were her literary merits pointed out, but her character also was successfüly defended against Croker's malicious charges. Mr. Shuckburgh, too, took part against Croker and besides cleared Fanny Burney's character of the suspicion cast on it by Lady Llanover. In the introduction to her edition of Evelina, Mrs. Raine Ellis showed once more how incorrect many of Lady Llanover's statements were and that Mrs. Waddington's supposed influence at Windsor, which she was said to have used in favour of Madame d'Arblay, had never existed. In 1889 Mrs. Raine Ellis published the Early Diary, which, much better than the Memoirs, has given a picture of home life in the Burney family and has greatly added to our better understanding of Fanny Burney's personality.
1 Macmillan's Magazine, Febr. 1800.