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De landelijke arme blanken in het Zuiden der Vereenigde Staten

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42) Alfred Rühl, Vom Wirtschaftsgeiat in Sparden. Leipzig: Quelle und Meyer, 2te Aufl. 1928. pp. 29 ff.

48) Dyer's goed gefundeerd betoog, (pp. 86—88), dat ook in Virginia in de counties waar de groote slavenplantages overheerschend waren, toch een zekere democratie onder alle blanken niet ontkend kan worden, mag men echter niet negeeren.

Het verschil tusschen Virginia en het jonge Mississippi in de dertiger jaren komt aardig tot uiting in de verhouding tusschen Thomas Dabney en de boeren in zijn nieuwe omgeving. In meer dan ' één opzicht maakte hü inbreuk op de „backwoods" conventies. Zün dochter verhaalt daarover: „Thomas was misunderstood and misjudged by the people in Mississippi by whom he found himself surrounded. The plainer classes in Virginia, like those in England, from whom thèy were descended, recognized the differenc between themselves and the higher classes, and did not aspire to social equality. But in Mississippi the tone was different. They resented anything like superiority in breeding. Thomas was considered cold and haughty. It took them long years to find out that he was a true friend to the poor . . . . It was the custom among the small farmers in his neighborhood to call on each other to assist when one of them built his house, usually a log structure. Accordingly, one day an invitation came to the new-comer to help a neighbor to „raise" his house. At the appointed time he went over with twenty of his men, and he did not leave till the last log was in place and the last board nailed on the roof, handing over the simple cabin quite completed to the owner. This action, which seemed so natural to him, was a serious offence to the recipiënt, and, to his regret, he was sent for to no more „houseraisings". On another occasion, a' small farmer living a few miles from him got „in the grass", as the country people express it when the grass has gotten ahead of the young cotton-plants and there is danger of their being choked by it. Again Thomas went over with twenty men, and in a few hours the field was brought to perfect order. The man said that if Colonel Dabney had taken hold of a plough and worked by his side he would have been glad to have his help, but to see him sitting upon his horse with his gloves on directing his negroes how to work was not to his taste. He heard a long time after these occurrences that he could have soothed their wounded pride if he had asked them to come over to help him to raise his cabins. But he could not bring himself to call on two or three poor white men to work among his servants when he had no need of help." (Smedes, pp. 67—68).

44) Tasistro, Vol. II, p. 116.

45) Somige Europeesche schrijvers met onvoldoende kennis der Zuidelijke verhoudingen, hebben een gedeelte der „poor whites" laten ontstaan uit patriciërszonen die door het eerstgeboorterecht zonder middelen waren gekomen. Zie b.v. Emile Jonveau, L'Amérique actuelle. Paris: Charpentier et Cie. 2me ed., 1870. p. 81.

46) Wü hebben hier reeds vroeger aandacht voor gevraagd, doch treden in herhaling omdat het ons zoo uiterst belangrük lijkt dit in het oog te houden en het ons getroffen heeft hoe weinig dit in de literatuur over The Old South geschiedt. Het tijdsbegrip schijnt in de geheele