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removed from them for love or money; consequently our professors, students, and scholars of all kinds find it necessary to travel thousands of miles, and to spend thousands of dollars, for the purpose of consulting priceless manuscripts or early printed books.

The consideration of this fact led me some eight years ago to inquire at the British Museum, and the Bodleian Library, Oxford, whether permission might be granted to an American institution to reproduce by photography

facsimiles of their unique literary materials"

„not onl.y American, but also foreign investi-

gators and institutions of learning would henceforth be able to obtain (at a reasonable price) duplicates of whatever originals were in a demand sufficiënt to warrant their reproduction. Such systematic reproduction of unique manuscripts and rare printed works would materially benefit the civilization ,of the future, both because it would disseminate what is now confined in one or two centres of learning, and because it would obviate, through this multiplication of copies, ,the possible loss of scientific and literary material by the destruction in part or whole (as formerly at Alexandria, or recently at Turin and the Vatican) of any ,one of the famous Old World libraries. The possession of one or more facsimiles would also enable the library possessing the original to preserve it from wear and tear"....

Toutefois il semble que M. Gayley n'ait pas tout k fait connu les grandes difficultés attachées a pareille entreprise et les motifs qui avaient fait échouer les projets autrefois formés a ce sujet par MM. Hartwig et du Rieu. Du moins il n'en a pas parlé. A ce Congres de Liége, on discuta ses projets, mais cette discussion n'aboutit pas k un résultat de quelque importance, malgré la recommandation écrite et trés détaillée qu'y consacra une personnalité trés autorisée, M. Sal. Reinach k Paris. Celui-ci*) se plaignait

') Voir Actes du Congrès etc. p. 56.

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