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population. In Denmark a clear majority of the population demanded local veto so that they might have power to suppress the liquor traffic, and arrangements were being made for a plebiscite for or against Prohibition. A splendid lead was being given to the rest of Europe by these northern countries, and the example was being followed, for in Germany more than 500,000 people had petitioned the Reichstag in favour of the popular veto. Italy had had its first Governmental inquiry into the great growth of alcoholism. In Spain a National Temperance and Prohibition League had been formed, and in Switzerland, Belgium, and France action was being taken which would surely lead to most beneficial results.

The biennial report was read by Mr. Edward Page Gaston, F. R. G. S., of London, the honorary secretary.

The balance-sheet, presented on behalf of Dr. I. K. Funk, the honorary treasurer, showed a total expenditure of £ 123 4s. 5d. and total receipts of £128 6s. 9d. for the two years.

Mr. P. van der Meulen, President of the Dutch Prohibition Society, proposed, and Mr. Larsen-Ledet, of Denmark, seconded, the following Resolution, which was adopted:

W hereas in the opinion of this Conference the revenue derived by granting licences for the manufacture and traffic in alcoholic liquors, opium, and other intoxicants, equals but a fraction of the financial waste and loss directly resulting therefrom; and

"\\ hereas in the opinion of eminent experts and scientists (opinions confirmed by official reports and statistics) the consumption of such intoxicants is the most prolific source and a direct cause of crime, vice, pauperism, insanity, and loss of life and property; and

W hereas indulgence in such intoxicants, in addition to mflictmg directly and indirectly upon the community an almost incalculable financial loss, constantly results in the degradation and destruction of the individual, the disintegration of the family, the demoralisation of society, and the weakening of the State; and

Whereas in its far-reaching and continuously disastrous efïects, no other interest and custom existing among civil-

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