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DIOSCURIDES

Codex Aniciae Iulianae picturis illustratus, nunc Vindobonensis Med. Gr. I.

Moderante IOSEPHO DE KARABACEK,

Bibliothecae Palatinae Vindobonensis Praefecto,

praefati sunt

ANTONIUS DE PREMERSTEIN, CAROLUS WESSELY, IOSEPHUS MANTUANI.

Accedit tabula lithographica.

The famous and richly-illustrated „D ioscurides Codex" of the Imperial Vienna Library, which was painted and written in Byzantium about the year 512 A. D. for the Imperial Princess Anicia Juliana, is the oldest testimony for the text and illustrations of the so-called alphabetic Recension of the dioscuridical Description of Plants, to which also fragments of Crateuas and Galenos have been added, and also for a series of smaller writings richly illustrated with pictures of animals and vegetables: the so-called „Carmen de viribus herbarum", and four paraphrases of didactic poems on natural history of Nicander, Oppian and Dionysius. The number of M. S. S. derived from him is extraordinarily great.

It is however not only from a text critical standpoint, that this Codex, whose fate in the course of ages was extremely peculiar, is of high importance. It is above all an unique contribution to the History of Botany, partly on account of its hitherto almost unknown pictures of plants, of which a large portion of the originals date back to the first century B. C., and partly on account of the accumulation of botanical synonym from all the ancient languages of the Mediterranean basin.

The Codex which can be dated exactly, contains inva-

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